In Mechanical Galvanizing, a thick coating of zinc provides sacrificial or cathodic protection to the steel fastener. Because zinc is more reactive than iron, the zinc coating “sacrifices” or corrodes first, protecting the steel substrate. The rate of corrosion of zinc is at least 10 times slower than that of steel, thus a thin coating of zinc can protect the steel for a long time.
Mechanical Galvanizing results in a very uniform coating thickness reducing thread fit issues in fasteners for example at assembly, making it a preferable coating for structural applications. Not only does Mechanical Galvanizing provide excellent coating uniformity, but the process is consistent from batch to batch and within each batch, as thickness depends only on the amount of zinc powder.
Mechanical Galvanizing is done at room temperature. Products are placed in a large rotary barrel along with zinc powder, special promoters and glass impact beads. The mechanical energy generated from the barrel’s rotation is transmitted through the glass impact media that blast the products surface with zinc particles. This causes the zinc powder to be mechanically welded on to the surface of the products being coated. With a proper glass media size mix, all exposed surfaces can be coated very uniformly, and the buoyancy of the glass media cushions the products in the rotating barrel to minimize damage.
Mechanical plated parts may be given a post-plate treatment of dichromate dye for color – coding, and phosphate for improved paint adhesion and waxing.
Mechanical Galvanizing may be used on a wide range of structural products including ASTM A325 Structural Bolts, A563 Grade DH, Heavy Hex Nuts, A307 Bolts & Studs, A449 Hex Cap Screws, F1852 Tension Control Assemblies and F436 Hardened-Steel Washers, DIN 6914, DIN 6915, DIN 6916 and for small diameter bolts, as well as fine thread bolts, among others.